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What is Health Insurance?

Five facts you need to know about Health Insurance!

  1. There are several kinds of private health insurance policies. Different kinds of policies can offer very different kinds of benefits, and some can limit which doctors, hospitals, or other providers you can use.
  2. You may have to pay coinsurance or a co-payment as your share of the cost when you get a medical service, like a doctor’s visit, hospital outpatient visit, or a prescription. Coinsurance is usually a percentage amount (for example, 20% of the total cost). A co-payment is usually a fixed amount (for example, you might pay $10 or $20 for a prescription or doctor’s visit).
  3. You may have to pay a deductible each plan year before your insurance company starts to pay for care you get. For example, let’s say you have a $200 deductible. You go to the emergency room and the total cost is $1,250. You pay the first $200 to cover the deductible, and then your insurance starts to pay its share.
  4. Health insurance plans contract with networks of hospitals, doctors, pharmacies, and health care providers to take care of people in the plan. Depending on the type of policy you buy, your plan may only pay for your care when you get it from a provider in the plan’s network, or you may have to pay a bigger share of the bill.
  5. You may see products that look and sound like health insurance, but don’t give you the same protection as full health insurance. Some examples are policies that only cover certain diseases, policies that only cover you if you’re hurt in an accident, or plans that offer you discounts on health services. Don’t mistake insurance-like products for full comprehensive insurance protection.

Health insurance coverage helps pay costs when you need medical care.

No one plans to get sick or hurt, but most people need medical care at some point in their lives. Health coverage helps pay for these costs and protects you from very high expenses.

What is health insurance?

Health insurance is a contract between you and the insurance company you choose. You buy a health plan, and the company  agrees to pay part of your medical costs when you get  sick or hurt. There are other significant benefits of health insurance coverage.  Plans available in the Marketplace – and most other plans – provide free preventive care, like vaccines and check-ups. They also cover some costs for prescription drugs.

Health insurance helps you pay for care. Did you know the average cost of a 3-day hospital stay is $30,000? Or that fixing a broken leg can cost up to $7,500? Having health coverage can help protect you from high, unexpected costs like these.

Your insurance policy or summary of benefits and coverage will show what types of care, treatments and services are  covered, including how much the insurance company will  pay for different treatments in different situations. What you pay for health insurance You’ll usually pay a premium every month for health  coverage, and you may also have to meet a deductible once each year before the insurance company starts to pay its share.

How much you pay for your premium and deductible is based on the type of coverage you have. Just as important as the premium cost is how much you have to pay when you get services. Examples include:

  • How much you pay for care before your insurance company starts to pay its share (a deductible)
  • What you pay out-of-pocket for services after you pay the deductible (coinsurance or co-payments)
  • How much in total you’ll have to pay if you get sick (the out-of-pocket maximum) What your policy covers is often directly related to how expensive the health insurance policy is. The policy with the cheapest premium may not cover many services and treatments.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

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